Clifton Community Council

Land Use & Preservation Committee - 2014



PARKING: Potential solutions and a request for your ideas


2002 was an active year in Clifton. The “Clifton Renaissance” was in full swing and the Council was engaged in a variety of community building endeavors. One was the Frankfort Ave. Streetscape Project, which was driven by parking issues. Here we are in 2014 still responding to this fact of a vibrant urban neighborhood.

The current triggers of concern are the recent re-development activities at the Ready Electric site, the imminent opening of a restaurant in the Hill Top Theatre, and the sale of River City Tire.

Following a series of meetings with metro officials, businesses, residents, and non-profit entities, Jack Trawick, former Executive Director or the Center for Neighborhoods, agreed to facilitate a neighborhood meeting and Josh Poe provided stunning geographical information. And, not to be forgotten, Elwood served up a fabulous brunch.

The October 11th work sessions focused on short and longer term solutions. Input from eleven participants and the comments of six business owners were factored into a list of short and long term actions. The data and background information provided by Mike O’Leary, who also organized, cajoled participation, and generally kept the train on the track with preliminary meetings, was invaluable in generating ideas.


Possible Solutions

There are many similarities between our conclusions and the 2002 study. Shared parking is one. Others support enhanced public transit. While some of our conclusions are not mentioned in the 2002 report, we believe they are in the same spirit. 


Immediate Steps

  • Report to Council and Frankfort Avenue Business Association (FABA)
  • Make inquiry to Beargrass Baptist regarding lot on S. Jane St. and Northeast Christian (Clifton Campus) regarding parking for construction workers.
  • Confer with American Printing House (APH) regarding possible use of their State St. lot.

Short Term Goals

  • Encourage residential rear parking: Explore with Metro government incentives for development of residential rear parking and selected alley improvements.
  • Shared parking agreements: Discussion with APH regarding use of State St. lot. Continue work with Metro government on liability and signage.
  • Coordination with Metro government: Open discussion with new Metro Council Rep., PARC, Dept. of Economic Development & Innovation, FABA, and CCC on collaboration.
  • Proactive response to development: Activate Council’s Land Use & Preservation committee to obtain input on “best use” of River City Tire property.
  • Signage: Promote walking, e.g. recent “Chicken Steps” signs on Frankfort and Brownsboro, directions to parking, and notable features. 
  • Parking Meters: Explore viability of parking meters in the Frankfort/Keats PARC lot and Frankfort west from the RR tracks to Bellaire.


Long Term Goals

  • Reduce auto dependence: Neighborhood TARC circulator
  • Consolidate web of related transportation issues: Destination matrix for enhanced transportation (pedestrian, bike trail along CSX right of way, TARC, park and ride).
  • Discourage over development: Form based codes in lieu of zoning, insistence on multi-use development in commercial corridors, and methods to promote greater density in select residential areas.

Additional Resident and Business Input

  1. Ongoing communication with FABA.
  2.  Leave feedback and suggestions on the Council’s Facebook page. Go to
  3. Background documents are posted on
  4. Contact either John Baker, or Mike O’Leary,, or David Coyte,



Land Use and Preservation Committee



Present: John Baker, David Coyte, Mike O’Leary

John Baker called a special meeting to discuss Mike O’Leary’s parking assessment and to decide on a strategy to address the parking concerns in Clifton’s Frankfort Avenue corridor.

Follow a discussion of options the following was decided.

  1. Participate in the meeting (4:00pmTuesday, 05/06/14 at the Hilltop) organized by Mike. This meeting will include Tina W-P, Center for Neighborhoods, Clifton Community Council, FABA. John will contact FABA about a representative.
  2. Goals are for the participants to agree on a strategy and scope of work, schedule a public meeting, obtain resource commitments, and embed a review of the Transportation Section of the neighborhood plan.
  3. Minutes and Mike’s assessment will be posted on cliftonlouky (documents & pages) in a LUP folder.
  4. LUP will take the lead in this endeavor and proposed appropriate resolutions to the CCC board.

 Parking Data prepared by Mike O'Leary

1729 Frankfort Ave: use to be a public ROW alley, now private property.

1839 Frankfort Ave: American Printing House for Blind. 133 parking spaces

1864 Frankfort Ave: 3rd Lutheran Church.  31 parking spaces

1901 Frankfort Ave: Frankfort Ave Church of Christ. 32 parking spaces

1947 Frankfort Ave: Clifton Baptist Church. 33 parking spaces

2335 Frankfort Ave: Public Parking. 20 parking spaces with a bike rack

168, 170, 176 State St: Employee parking lot for APH. 71 parking spaces

2117 Payne St, Clifton Center. 83 on-site parking spaces

2257 Payne St. Bear Grass Baptist Church.10 parking spaces

150 State Street. 49 shared parking spaces.

(Franklin Apts, United Crescent Hill Ministries, New Directions Apts.)

131 Vernon Ave: Clifton Christian Church.47 parking spaces



Traffic counts on State routes are available on-line at the following link

Click on “Traffic Counts”

Choose “Jefferson 4/8” under “County Maps”

Then zoom into the map for count data.

  • The screen capture below indicates that average daily volume of traffic on the segment of Frankfort between & Shelbyville & Cannons was 11,428 (2006 count), between Cannons & Stiltz was 16,245 (2008 count), between Ewing & Mellwood was 9,793 (2007 count), between Mellwood & Story was 9,760 (2007 count).    

  • Info on some segments such as on Frankfort between Story & River is not available.

CLIFTON Frankfort Avenue: Ewing Avenue to Mellwood Avenue: 9,793 vehicles per day on average



            Shared parking (also known as gaparking from gap and parking), is the practice of making existing parking space available to more than one person. Usually, gaparking uses existing gaps or spaces intended for parking cars when the owner is not using it. Existence of gaps is a consequence of living in one location and working in other which makes this gap available for others to use for certain amount of hours. Gaparking allows the owner to make money or maximize utilization by making space publicly available for rent.

            In most countries gaparking is available through websites that connect a private parking space owner with people searching for a place to park. Usually the person who gaparks his property allows the tenant to park at his garage or driveway when not in use.

            Benefits for users of shared parking include saving time and saving money. Drivers save time as they will have a known or reserved parking space which means they do not have to drive around looking for a parking space. Another way shared parking can save time is by drivers being able to choose a parking space closer to their destination. Drivers can also save money in comparison to using commercial car parking operators and by avoiding parking tickets or fines in areas with limited car parking space.



Shared Parking

Sharing Parking Facilities Among Multiple Users

TDM Encyclopedia

Victoria Transport Policy Institute

Updated 12 March 2013


            Shared Parking means that parking spaces are shared by more than one user, which allows parking facilities to be used more efficiently. It is a type of Parking Management. Shared Parking takes advantage of the fact that most parking spaces are only used part time by a particular motorist or group, and many parking facilities have a significant portion of unused spaces, with utilization patterns that follow predictable daily, weekly and annual cycles.

            There are various degrees of shared parking. A parking space assigned to a specific user is not shared at all. On-street parking spaces located in a busy, mixed use urban area tends to be the most shared. In between are parking spaces that are shared among various employees at a particular worksite, parking that is shared by customers at a variety of businesses located in a mall, or arrangements by one facility to use another facilities parking at certain times, such as a tavern that allows its parking spaces to be used on Sunday mornings by attendees at a nearby church. An assigned employee parking space is typically used about 2,000 hours per year, while an on-street parking space in a busy area often gets three times as much use. Efficient sharing of spaces can allow parking requirements to be reduced significantly. 

Specific ways of sharing parking:


Zoned Rather Than Assigned Spaces

            Parking can be shared among a group of employees or residents, rather than assigning to individuals. For example, 100 employees or residents can usually share 60-80 parking spaces without problem, since not all employees will drive to work at one time.


Share Parking Between Sites

            Parking can be shared among different buildings and facilities in an area to take advantage of different peak periods. For example, an office complex can efficiently share parking facilities with a restaurant or theaters, since offices require maximum parking during weekdays, while restaurants and theaters require maximum parking during evenings and weekends. As a result, the total amount of parking can be reduced 40-60% compared with standard off-street parking requirements for each destination.


Public Parking/In Lieu Fees

            Parking can be shared by relying on public parking facilities rather than having each building provide private off-street parking, since each public space can serve many users and destinations. As a result, 100 public parking spaces can be equivalent to 150 to 250 private parking spaces. Developers or building owners can be allowed or required to pay in-lieu fees that


fund public parking facilities as an alternative to minimum requirements for private off-street parking (Shoup, 1999b). On-street parking tends to be the best type of public parking facility for sharing, since it is visible and convenient. It is therefore helpful to manage on-street parking for maximum use, particularly in busy Commercial Centers.


Geographic Considerations

            Shared Parking is limited by the proximity of destinations that share a parking facility. Exactly how close they must be depends on the type of land use and the type of user.  Acceptable walking distance is affected by the quality of the pedestrian environment, climate, line of site (longer distances are acceptable if people can see their destination), and “friction” (barriers along the way, such as crossing busy traffic).


            In general, the potential for sharing parking is greatest in areas where land use activities are clustered, and the benefits from sharing parking are greatest due to high parking costs. Priorities for sharing parking are listed below.

  1. On-street parking on commercial streets. These are the most convenient parking spaces and so should be managed for maximum turnover to serve short stops (shopping and other errands), by limiting time or applying short-term pricing. This usually means limits of less than 2 hours. 

  2. Off-street public parking facilities and on-street parking outside the commercial streets. These are less convenient parking spaces and so should be managed for longer stops, including parking by employees, long-term visitors and residents. 

  1. Off-street private parking facilities. These are often the most convenient parking spaces for a particular site, but may also be convenient for other nearby users. They tend to be used to serve other nearby facilities with different peaks. For example, since a bar has peak demand during Saturday night and a church has peak demand during Sunday morning, they can efficiently share parking if located near to each other (usually within a block or so).




Traffic counts on State routes are available on-line at the following link

Click on “Traffic Counts”

Choose “Jefferson 4/8” under “County Maps”

Then zoom into the map for count data.

  • The screen capture below indicates that average daily volume of traffic on the segment of Frankfort between & Shelbyville & Cannons was 11,428 (2006 count), between Cannons & Stiltz was 16,245 (2008 count), between Ewing & Mellwood was 9793 (2007 count), between Mellwood & Story was 9760 (2007 count).    

  • Info on some segments such as on Frankfort between Story & River is not available.

CLIFTON Frankfort Avenue: Ewing Avenue to Mellwood Avenue: 9,793 vehicles per day on average




Posted by johnbaker on 04/28/2014
Last updated on 11/18/2014
Louisville, Kentucky 40206